This document serves as a detailed description of source-git. Please bear in mind that some things are a subject to change. Paragraphs marked with "‼️💣️" are known to require further work to be better defined.
What is source-git?
Source-git is a repository format and the related processes, tooling and bots, that are intended to enable using forks of the upstream projects to maintain, update and build packages in a distribution. By "distribution" we mean distributions in the RHEL ecosystem (Fedora Linux, CentOS Stream and RHEL), but the tools and processes probably could be applied to any RPM based distribution.
Traditionally dist-git is the format used to maintain, develop and release software in these distributions. In dist-git the source archive of an upstream release is stored in the lookaside cache, while downstream (distribution specific) changes are checked-in as patch files in Git. This layout resembles SRPMs, and so it's easily consumed by build systems, but it makes it somewhat difficult for humans to make sense of the content. Additionally, transforming upstream content (which most of the time originates from a Git repo) to dist-git has become a tedious activity, with a plethora of tooling available to do very similar things.
The dist-git format also has the side effect of making the adoption of modern Git-workflows somewhat more difficult (reviewing changes in patch-files requires a higher cognitive effort) and raising the bar for new contributors, who know how to contribute using Git, but need to learn about dist-git before touching any package.
With source-git the goal is to:
- Enable using these well-known Git-workflows in packaging activities.
- Automate and standardize the tedious task of converting from one repository format to the other.
If you think about it, "source-git" is really just good old plain "Git", used as it meant to be used by Linus.
One of the fundamentally useless manual activities when maintaining a package in Fedora is transforming source code from one Git repository format to another. Git is distributed. Dist-git content is mostly boilerplate or regurgitated data.
Using an upstream format during packaging makes collaboration easier, and lowers the entry barrier for new contributors by enabling a development workflow which they are already familiar with.
Linux distributions gain an advantage from having patches incorporated upstream and not carrying them downstream.
Human effort should not be focused on repetitive, automatable tasks related to churn and moving code around.
Dist-git is used as a store of state for build tools (like Koji). Reinventing dist-git itself fundamentally, would mean reinventing a lot of tooling.
An addon to dist-git
We recognize, that an extensive ecosystem of tooling and services was developed to work with dist-git, and because of this replacing dist-git in the immediate future is not feasible. On the long run though, once source-git proved itself, this can become possible.
This is why we think about source-git as an addon to dist-git.
Content of source-git repository is equivalent to dist-git, but uses upstream format: source files instead of tarballs, Git commits instead of patches.
Bots are responsible to transform and maintain content in dist-git, so that humans can do all the work in source-git. If bots fail, humans can still step in and do the work. Bots and humans use the same tools to do the transformation.
All tooling already in place that interacts with dist-git continues to interact with dist-git. Bots are responsible to bring CI results from dist-git to source-git for convenience.
This means that using source-git to maintain a package adds an overhead compared to directly working in dist-git. Though on the positive side, enables packagers and contributors to use a Git workflow they are already familiar with from upstream projects.
Source-git might not be a solution for many packages at the early stages, and might not be a solution at all for some packages. This is why, source-git is opt-in, and can be opted out at any point in time if so decided.
Source-git repositories are hosted and shared in a Git forge chosen by the distribution. This helps the community developing the distribution to be in control of these repositories.
Teams of developers maintaining packages in multiple distributions can choose to have a single repository at a location of their choice, have dedicated branches for each distribution, and sync these branches to the source-git repositories of each distribution.
A source-git repository is based on a fork of the upstream project.
The files required to create the package for the distribution are stored in
- the spec file,
- other files required to be present in dist-git (test files, scripts used in building the package, package configuration etc.),
source-git.yamlfile to configure how the content of the repo should be transformed to dist-git.
History and branching
By default, branching in source-git mirrors branching in dist-git. In a source-git context, let's call these branches "downstream branches".
Downstream branches share their history with the upstream release they are
based upon, and contain additional commits to add the
.distro directory and
its content, and to introduce downstream changes to the upstream source code.
When transforming content to dist-git, tooling
- prepares and uploads the source archive to dist-git's lookaside cache;
- generates patch files for downstream changes, if any, and updates the spec
file accordingly (changes to
.distroare filtered out);
- updates other files in dist-git with the content of
The way patch files are generated and included in the spec file is controlled by Git-trailers in the commit messages of downstream commits.
.distro/source-git.yaml tells tooling how to interact with the source-git
- where to pull upstream changes from;
- how the content of the source-git repo should be transformed to dist-git;
- how to generate or get the source archive to be uploaded to the lookaside cache;
- how to generate patches from downstream commits;
- the dist-git repo and branch tracked.
The configuration format is based on the Packit configuration.
Placing this configuration file in a branch in source-git indicates that the source-git branch should be auto-maintained. The configuration file may be removed to turn off auto-maintenance of the branch.
For an example see Configure syncing to distgit.
‼️💣️ Content from a source-git repository can be committed to a dist-git repository only if the target dist-git branch makes a reference to the source-git repo and branch from which the update originates.
TODO: have an explicit documentation of
Contribution to source-git happens through pull requests (aka. merge requests).
Bots create mirror PRs in dist-git for each source-git PR opened, and make CI results of those mirror PRs available in source-git.
‼️💣️ Changes merged in source-git are synced to dist-git.
Updates created in dist-git are synced back to source-git via pull requests opened by bots. This functionality serves to accommodate changes done by provenpackagers across multiple repositories.
Commits need to be signed in order to be transformed to dist-git.
Bots sign the commits they create.
TODO: Rebase or merge?